Sunday, April 30, 2006
Why do we value our favorite things? Why do we even take the time to designate favorites? What does our relationship with the artworks that most profoundly move us say about who we are? My favorite song is "Tangled Up in Blue," my favorite book is Franny and Zooey, and now, my favorite film is Blue Velvet. The film was comfortably residing in the bottom half of my top ten until a few weeks ago, when something was irrevocably shaken. As Bruce Willis' character in 12 Monkeys points out, the film remains the same - we're the ones that change.
"She wore blue velvet/Bluer than velvet was the night/Softer than satin was the light/From the stars"
The song "Blue Velvet" describes a haunting, fleeting romance that has now been lost; Bobby Vinton's voice aches as he sings about the velvet he can still see through his tears. The song is deceptively simple, and it forms a perfect marriage with the opening sequence of David Lynch's film. Tranquil images of suburbia give way to a startling moment of violence (Jeffrey's father clutching his neck and dropping to the ground) and a hidden layer of chaos (the insects attacking each other right under our noses). It's easy to read these early moments as a declaration of our world's fundamental savagery and the ways we sweep our indescretions under throwrugs lovingly purchased at Linens 'n' Things. But it's more than an attack on the American dream; it's also an affirmation of the power and importance of such dreams. Lumberton is a world where light and dark coexist, and Blue Velvet is about the collision of these two opposing forces in Jeffrey Beaumont (Kyle MacLachlan), who is either "a detective or a pervert." Or maybe both.
Jeffrey is a college student who has returned to Lumberton, his hometown, because his father is ailing. One day, walking home from the hospital, he discovers a human ear lying in a field. After reporting it to the police, he and a detective's teenage daughter, Sandy Williams (Laura Dern), begin their own Nancy Drew-esque investigation. This leads them to Dorothy Valens (Isabella Rossellini), a mysterious chanteuse. Dorothy's son and husband are being held captive by Frank Booth (Dennis Hopper), a gas-sniffing monster who has trapped Dorothy in a violent, perverse, sadomasochistic relationship. Through the course of the film, Jeffrey veers between Sandy, who dreams of robins that spread love throughout the world, and Dorothy, who describes sex as a disease. While this description may make Blue Velvet's sexual politics sound binary and simplistic, to view the film is to realize that Lynch's message is anything but simple.
See my breast? You can feel it. My nipple. Still hard. You can touch it. You can feel it. Do you like the way I feel?
Feel me. Hit me.
The first third of Blue Velvet establishes an offbeat yet reassuringly familiar and comic environment. We're invited to laugh with Jeffrey and Sandy as they stumble along on their amateur sleuth work. The kids have a cute chemistry; perhaps, we think, they'll kiss in the last reel. Then Jeffrey decides to spy on Dorothy from her closet, and Blue Velvet suddenly flies violently off the rails. It's frankly a marvel that the film works at all; the scene in Dorothy's apartment rips us from our comfort areas and drags us into the darkest areas of human emotion via raw, lurid sexuality. We are first, through Jeffrey, confronted with our own voyeuristic intentions. When Dorothy asks Jeffrey if he likes to watch women undress, she is asking us as well. As Jeffrey is forced to strip and engage in a sex act that is as arousing as it is terrifying, we have no choice but to acknowledge the same conflict between desire and fear in ourselves. With Frank's entrance, identification gives way to something at once alien and familiar - Hopper is terrifying in the role because he is at once utterly evil and heartbreakingly human. And funny too - our apprehension at the brutal near-rape at the center of the film is undercut by our awareness of Frank's utter ridiculousness. Each punch to Dorothy's face, each cry of "Don't you fucking look at me!" is charged with horror and eroticism, dread but also a perverse curiosity, as well as the nagging question of whether this is all a joke. Frank leaves, and Jeffrey is left to cradle Dorothy, who offers herself to him in a way that is wrenchingly needy. Her red, ripe lips fill the frame, begging us to hurt her as though nothing would be more pleasurable. Even the squarest cat in the audience would have to concede that this is intriguing and sort of hot. In about ten minutes of running time, Blue Velvet delivers on the promise of its opening sequence, pulling back the reassuring mask of indie quirk to reveal something darker and infinitely more complicated. Lynch excells at this sort of switch, and many of his imitators have failed to repeat his magic; they copy the weirdness without finding the soul within.
I'm seeing something that was always hidden. I'm involved in a mystery. I'm in the middle of a mystery and it's all secret.
You like mysteries all that much?
Yeah. You're a mystery. I like you very, very much.
The crime plot in Blue Velvet is incidental. It serves a functional purpose in bringing the characters together, and as we only know what Jeffrey knows (very little), it serves to remind us that there is so much beyond our frame of reference. The mysteries Jeffrey is pursuing are the mysteries of love referenced on the soundtrack; all of the main characters are driven by romantic longing in one way or another. Sandy is an innocent attracted to Jeffrey's perversion and capacity for cruelty (note the subtle moments when he manipulates the younger girl into giving him what he wants). Jeffrey, in turn, idealizes Sandy; she's the wide-eyed girl that he can take home to mom and dad. Lynch reserves the heart of the film for Sandy, and Dern delivers the famous "robins" speech with perfection, underlining Sandy's optimism and quiet yearning. The speech moves Jeffrey, yet in the next scene, he's back at Dorothy's apartment, the two of them locked together like figures in a painting by Francis Bacon (Lynch's favorite artist). Sandy is the girl that Jeffrey dreams of; Dorothy is the woman he jacks off to. Lynch is treading on the borders of misogyny here, yet his message is more complex. Sandy has elements of darkness (why does she forgive Jeffrey so easily?) and Dorothy has light (she started everything, at least, to save her family). Lynch is exploring the ways that love can send people spiralling in dramatically different directions. Love can mean soft kisses while slow-dancing at a high school party, and it can also mean wandering naked, beaten and dazed through someone else's yard. Both are equally possible, and Lynch only reserves his indifference for those who are simply incapable of experiencing real emotion (the running joke of Sandy's dim, cardboard boyfriend underscores this point).
Lynch even has sympathy for his devil. When we see Frank at the Slow Club, clutching a square of Dorothy's bathrobe and silently weeping, we have to accept his humanity. Who is Frank? What happened to turn him this way? Was he just born damaged? Lynch has Jeffrey ask "Why are there people like Frank?" and later has Frank respond "We're the same." It's simple, but that doesn't make it untrue. The captivating joyride sequence, where we meet Frank's fey, "suave" friend Ben (Dean Stockwell), takes us even deeper into the labyrinth. Who the hell is Ben? Stockwell creates a fascinating enigma, a character that is apparently all surface and is capable of total indifference ("Here's to your fuck"). And yet when he lip-synchs to Roy Orbison's "In Dreams," Frank is visibly shaken. There's a power to artifice, and Lynch knows this; it's why we respond so strongly to fictional narratives even though there is no logical reason to do so. We long too - for romance, for strangeness, for kink, for adventure - and Lynch pulls that longing into unexpected places. The scene by the side of the road, where Frank repeats "In Dreams" to Jeffrey while showering him with kisses (because this movie needed homoeroticism, it just wasn't strange enough otherwise), lays bare the unabashed emotion - the love, the hate, the fear and wonder - that is at the heart of both Lynch's work and the whole bloody history of human experience.
"Sometimes the wind blows/And you and I/Float in love/And kiss forever/In darkness"
It's an oft-overlooked aspect of the Lynch canon that while he treads heavily in darkness, his films are ultimately very optimistic. Lost Highway is the only one that ends in a truly downbeat manner; Eraserhead, The Elephant Man, Twin Peaks: Fire Walk With Me, and Mulholland Drive all contain the promise of transcendence beyond this life; Dune, Wild at Heart, and The Straight Story all hint at the possibility of peace on earth. Blue Velvet is unique in that it preposes a reconciliation of light and darkness. The hero ultimately defeats the monster by confronting the darkness existing within him (would the Jeffrey we meet at the start of the film be capable of figuring out the radio bit?). Peace is wholly restored - we see families united, and the last image is of a mother holding her child before the camera tilts upwards to the sky. And yes, the robins return. And yes, famously, the image looks patently artificial. But no, it's not just a glib joke. It's a challenge - knowing what we know now, can we accept that which we see? But on the other hand, having touched darkness, doesn't that make the light all the more valuable?
I realize I'm becoming vague, and that is because the ending of Blue Velvet is something I've changed my mind about countless times - it's a giant question mark. And that's why I love it. I've come to recognize life as a mosaic of different feelings and experiences that clash and intertwine in both violent and lyrical ways. This film, more than any other, reflects life as I know it - scary and sexy and funny and elusive and beautiful. I hear Sandy tell me that "There's trouble 'till the robins come," and in my heart I know she's absolutely right. It's a strange world, isn't it?
Best. Movie. Ever.
Sunday, April 23, 2006
- Life interceded this month and kept me quite busy, so I apologize for the recent lack of writing. I'm looking forward to returning to routine updates; movies took a backseat to life, and I haven't actually seen much (save for Inside Man, which was slick but disappointing). Thanks to all friends who have given support; I've got to admit it's getting better. Interestingly, the only film I found myself watching (and re-watching) during much of the past few weeks is Blue Velvet, and I'm prepared, after much thought, to declare it my favorite film. Look for an extensive argument for this choice very soon.
- This morning I went with Jess C. to a quiet spot along route 2A and made a film. It was, quite honestly, one of the most delightfully easy and rewarding directing experiences I've ever had. The light this morning was perfect, and Jess delivered a stirring, guileless performance. I can't wait to show it off (just needs a few trims and titles); I'd also like this to become a series of shorts in the same vein, so if anyone would like to sing to no music in the future, please let me know.
- On Friday night I discovered an inebriated film geek's Nirvana. Midnight Snack, hosted by Alan Cumming on IFC, presents a different offbeat movie each Friday at midnight. Of the film/host combos, this is by far the best. Friday night's film was Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. It's easily one of the worst films I've ever seen, and it changed my life forever. I immediately ordered a copy and look forward to exposing as many people as possible to this cinematic virus (and of course, to share with my devoted readers here).
- Which moments in cinema actually anger you with their sheer idiocy? This was inspired by catching a few minutes of The Phantom of the Opera on HBO and remembering how much I hate, hate, hate the voguing fancypants that shows up during the "Masquerade" scene. Really, how does Joel Schumacher keep getting work?
Friday, April 14, 2006
These are the ten movie characters I most closely identify with. Not because their life situation has a striking resemblance to mine - in some cases, there is no obvious relation. These are simply the characters I most sympathize with. I'll leave it to you to figure out why, because damned if I know.
1. Mike Waters (River Phoenix), My Own Private Idaho
2. Jeffrey Beaumont (Kyle MacLachlan), Blue Velvet
3. Bobby Dupea (Jack Nicholson), Five Easy Pieces
4. Lux Lisbon (Kirsten Dunst), The Virgin Suicides
5. Larry (Clive Owen), Closer
6. Thomas Jerome Newton (David Bowie), The Man Who Fell to Earth
7. Mookie (Spike Lee), Do the Right Thing
8. Steve Zissou (Bill Murray), The Life Aquatic
9. Betty Elms (Naomi Watts), Mulholland Drive
10. "Quiz Kid" Donnie Smith (William H. Macy), Magnolia
Sunday, April 09, 2006
- The "Extreme Documentary" panel with Werner Herzog, Faye Ginsburg, and Jonathan Caouette was worth the wait; early on, Herzog advised students in the audience to drop out of school and make a film, and it's clear that a few hours in the presence of accomplished filmmakers sharing insight into their trade is more valuable than many more hours of film classes. Ah, but I'm singing a familiar song. Caouette was charming, self-effacing and lovely as always; Ginsburg seemed a little out of her league, but the selections she brought of films by a culture new to the medium were exciting (particularly the musical). Herzog, of course, responded to even the most asinine questions about Myspace, cell phone cameras and man/bear love with humor and insight. I'm so glad every day that I came to this area - earlier in the day, I sat next to Herzog at another panel (!) - and I can only thank my scatterbrained, spontaneous 18-year-old self for unwittingly stumbling upon a good decision. Who knows, maybe the next good decision will even be premeditated.
I was particularly happy that my friend Kate, who hadn't seen any of the filmmakers' works, was able to take a lot from the evening. It reminded me of the power of the film to reach us where we are. It doesn't take self-conscious "I'm a film geek" posturing to experience the magic of cinema; all it takes is an open heart.
- I'll be making a short in a few weeks with a good friend along a quiet stretch of road. It's the first time I've been behind a camera since Love House, and I can't wait. It's my belief that we don't engineer our ideas - they're out there, floating around, waiting to be discovered and given a form. The idea came to me about two months ago, but it was only yesterday that I realized what it was about. You can't plan these things, really; all you can do is open the door when they come knocking. I don't know what will happen on the day, and that's a wonderful feeling.
Monday, April 03, 2006
- Werner Herzog, Jonathan Caouette, Frederick Wiseman, and Herbert Sauper are among the many directors appearing this weekend at Williams College and Mass MoCA for the "Extreme Documentary" conference (see the full schedule here). I'm anticipating some interesting tension between the filmmakers and the format, which seems to have been designed for people who don't like cinema. I can't wait, though; Herzog could read selections from the Boxcar Children series and it would be riveting.
- See Slither. My review is forthcoming, but go see it now because you don't have much longer. Often a bomb like this can be attributed to misleading marketing, but Slither's was right on the money, and that might be the problem. I guess people don't like gross-outs as much as I assumed, or maybe those that do simply prefer torture to slime. Kudos to Jack Criddle, who worked on the film at Kleiser-Walczak. Yeah, see Slither. Take the whole family. Do it for Rooker. You know he'd do the same for you.
- I finally got to read the famed Hitchcock-Truffaut; it provides enormous insight into the filmmaking process and is basically required reading for all aspiring directors. The book did what all such interviews, either in print or on video, should do: it confirmed my instincts about some aspects of the process and offered me insight into others that I hadn't considered. After finishing the book, I did an editing analysis of The Birds. The next time you watch the film, pay attention to the restaurant sequence, where Hitchcock veers wildly between humor and dread with pitch-perfect timing. There are some sequences that can tell you more than four years of film studies, and Hitchcock usually has several in a single film.
More and more, my suspicion that the dozen-odd film classes I've taken add up to an appalling dump-heap is being realized. Watching the extras on the King Kong DVD, I realized that Peter Jackson, like Hitchcock and also Spielberg, Lynch, and many others, is more interested in discussing the process than subtext. This is not to say that the subtext isn't there, just that directors (good ones, anyway) don't think like professors. Great filmmakers that are eager to talk about a film's content, like Herzog, do so in a way that raises more questions than answers; they understand that a film is an ongoing process of discovery for both its makers and its audience, and this is as it should be. What I'm trying to say, Prof. Langston, is that if you return one more of my essays with the note "underdeveloped ideas," I'm liable to shit bees.
- Harry Knowles is in love. This is good, this gives me hope.
- General question: favorite Michael Rooker performance?